E-diplomacy

Why e-diplomacy in discussion? Recently the first ‘India-Australia Virtual Summit’ (Virtual Leaders’ Summit) was held, in which important strategic decisions were taken. Key point: To avoid the dangers generated by Covid-19 epidemic, different countries are adopting digital methods in place of diplomacy through traditional peak conferences. After the Covid-19 epidemic, the Indian Prime Minister has extended e-diplomacy from virtual media in many bilateral and multilateral conferences. E-Diplomacy: E-diplomacy means that electronic diplomacy means using technology by different countries to fulfill diplomatic goals and objectives. The following tasks can be completed through e-diplomacy: the representation and enhancements of the country; Promoting bilateral and multilateral relations of countries; Increase in diplomatic services; Social Engagement Importance of e-diplomacy: During the epidemic, the rules of ‘social distance’ have to be followed, therefore, ‘e-diplomacy’ is physically safe for leaders because there is no need to come to physical contact with anyone. The process saves time because leaders do not need to reach a program site or another country physically and they can participate in summit in their offices. This saves the expenses on visits and program management, so it has economic practicality. Challenges associated with e-diplomacy: There is a doubt about the fact that those agreements and decisions can be implemented through e-diplomacy that leaders need to fulfill the fixed protocol and dialogue process. Cyber Security Issues: Important content in e-diplomacy is likely to be hacked. It can reduce the ease and openness in the person’s dialogue. The sensitive material attached to the foreign policy can be spied or leaked. The British scholar Ernest Satow (Ernest Satow) has mentioned the conferences as a ‘permanent feature of diplomatic topography’. During the summit, formal conversation, sessions in closed doors, photos-ops, is an essential part of all conventions etc. Viewers of host countries. The virtual conference may seem to be artificial and unsatisfactory countries. Multilateral e-diplomatic initiatives: After the Covid-19 epidemic, India has started the following multilateral e-diplomatic initiatives in addition to Australia. Virtual Conference of SAARC leaders: Video conference was organized between SAARC Group member countries for discussions on the strategy to deal with the challenge of Covid-19 on March 15, 2020. In the conference, the Indian Prime Minister was proposed to be established to set up ‘SAVID-19 Emergency Fund’ to deal with the challenge of Covid-19 Pandemic. G-20 Virtual Conference: A video conference was organized towards dealing with Covid-19 epidemic by the National Leaders of G-20 Group recently. The G-20 Virtual Leadership Summit (Virtual Leadership Summit) was done on the initiative of the Indian Prime Minister. Nam Contact Group Summit: Recently, ‘NAM Contact Group Summit’ (NAM Contact Group ‘by’ Nam Contact Group (Nam Contact Group) in the direction of cooperation in the management of Covid-19 Pandemic SUMMIT-NAM CGS was organized. Here is the fact that the ‘group absolute movement’ was first addressed by the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi after taking power in the year 2014. The further path: Traditional person-person has its own importance of summit (IN-Person Summits), so after the end of Covid-19 epidemic, they will be restarted. But e-diplomacy has played an important role in maintaining diplomatic relations during the epidemic.

दिल्ली मुंबई औद्योगक कॉरिडोर (DMIC)

दिल्ली-मुंबई औद्योगिक कॉरिडोर परियोजना (डीएमआईसी) भारत की राजधानी, दिल्ली और इसके वित्तीय केंद्र और प्रमुख बंदरगाह शहर, मुंबई के बीच एक योजनाबद्ध औद्योगिक विकास परियोजना है। दिसंबर 2006 में भारत सरकार और जापान सरकार के बीच हस्ताक्षरित एमओयू के अनुसरण में डीएमआईसी परियोजना शुरू की गई थी। यह 90 अरब अमेरिकी डॉलर के अनुमानित निवेश के साथ दुनिया की सबसे बड़ी आधारभूत संरचना परियोजनाओं में से एक है और इसे एक उच्च तकनीक औद्योगिक क्षेत्र के रूप में फैला हुआ है भारतीय राज्यों, साथ ही दिल्ली, राष्ट्रीय राजधानी और खुद को एक संघ शासित प्रदेश। निवेश 1,500 किमी लंबे पश्चिमी समर्पित फ्रेट कॉरिडोर में फैलाया जाएगा जो औद्योगिक कॉरिडोर की परिवहन रीढ़ की हड्डी के रूप में कार्य करेगा। इसमें 24 औद्योगिक क्षेत्र, आठ स्मार्ट शहर, दो अंतरराष्ट्रीय हवाई अड्डे, पांच बिजली परियोजनाएं, दो द्रव्यमान तेजी से पारगमन प्रणाली, और दो लॉजिस्टिक हब शामिल हैं। डीएमआईसी के चरण 1 में विकसित होने का प्रस्ताव प्रस्तावित दादरी – नोएडा – गाजियाबाद (उत्तर प्रदेश में), मानेसर – बावल (हरियाणा में), खुशखेरा – भिवडी – नेमराना और जोधपुर – पाली – मारवार (राजस्थान में), पिथमपुर – धार – अम्बेडकर नगर (मध्य प्रदेश में), अहमदाबाद – ढोलरा विशेष निवेश क्षेत्र (गुजरात में), और औरंगाबाद औद्योगिक शहर (एयरिक) और महाराष्ट्र में डिघी बंदरगाह औद्योगिक क्षेत्र। परियोजना विकास कोष (131.2 मिलियन अमेरिकी डॉलर) के प्रारंभिक आकार के साथ एक परियोजना विकास निधि स्थापित करने के समझौते के कारण भारत और जापान से परियोजना को एक बड़ा बढ़ावा मिला है। जापानी और भारतीय सरकारों को समान रूप से योगदान करने की संभावना है। काम तेजी से बढ़ रहा है, समर्पित फ्रेट कॉरिडोर 2021 तक पूरा होने की उम्मीद है।