Why e-diplomacy in discussion? Recently the first ‘India-Australia Virtual Summit’ (Virtual Leaders’ Summit) was held, in which important strategic decisions were taken. Key point: To avoid the dangers generated by Covid-19 epidemic, different countries are adopting digital methods in place of diplomacy through traditional peak conferences. After the Covid-19 epidemic, the Indian Prime Minister has extended e-diplomacy from virtual media in many bilateral and multilateral conferences. E-Diplomacy: E-diplomacy means that electronic diplomacy means using technology by different countries to fulfill diplomatic goals and objectives. The following tasks can be completed through e-diplomacy: the representation and enhancements of the country; Promoting bilateral and multilateral relations of countries; Increase in diplomatic services; Social Engagement Importance of e-diplomacy: During the epidemic, the rules of ‘social distance’ have to be followed, therefore, ‘e-diplomacy’ is physically safe for leaders because there is no need to come to physical contact with anyone. The process saves time because leaders do not need to reach a program site or another country physically and they can participate in summit in their offices. This saves the expenses on visits and program management, so it has economic practicality. Challenges associated with e-diplomacy: There is a doubt about the fact that those agreements and decisions can be implemented through e-diplomacy that leaders need to fulfill the fixed protocol and dialogue process. Cyber Security Issues: Important content in e-diplomacy is likely to be hacked. It can reduce the ease and openness in the person’s dialogue. The sensitive material attached to the foreign policy can be spied or leaked. The British scholar Ernest Satow (Ernest Satow) has mentioned the conferences as a ‘permanent feature of diplomatic topography’. During the summit, formal conversation, sessions in closed doors, photos-ops, is an essential part of all conventions etc. Viewers of host countries. The virtual conference may seem to be artificial and unsatisfactory countries. Multilateral e-diplomatic initiatives: After the Covid-19 epidemic, India has started the following multilateral e-diplomatic initiatives in addition to Australia. Virtual Conference of SAARC leaders: Video conference was organized between SAARC Group member countries for discussions on the strategy to deal with the challenge of Covid-19 on March 15, 2020. In the conference, the Indian Prime Minister was proposed to be established to set up ‘SAVID-19 Emergency Fund’ to deal with the challenge of Covid-19 Pandemic. G-20 Virtual Conference: A video conference was organized towards dealing with Covid-19 epidemic by the National Leaders of G-20 Group recently. The G-20 Virtual Leadership Summit (Virtual Leadership Summit) was done on the initiative of the Indian Prime Minister. Nam Contact Group Summit: Recently, ‘NAM Contact Group Summit’ (NAM Contact Group ‘by’ Nam Contact Group (Nam Contact Group) in the direction of cooperation in the management of Covid-19 Pandemic SUMMIT-NAM CGS was organized. Here is the fact that the ‘group absolute movement’ was first addressed by the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi after taking power in the year 2014. The further path: Traditional person-person has its own importance of summit (IN-Person Summits), so after the end of Covid-19 epidemic, they will be restarted. But e-diplomacy has played an important role in maintaining diplomatic relations during the epidemic.

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